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Google alleges Uber’s Otto stole trade secrets to develop autonomous trucks

Otto-equipped Volvo VNL hauling a load of beer

An Otto-equipped Volvo VNL hauled a load of beer along a 120-mile stretch of I-25 in Colorado last year, navigating through Denver in early morning hours in autonomous mode.

Autonomous truck technology company Otto, who’s already performed two on-highway demonstrations of an autonomous tractor-trailer, has found itself embroiled in an ongoing court fight between two of Silicon Valley’s most prominent players, Google and Uber, over trade secrets and patents behind automated vehicle technology.

Google filed a lawsuit in federal court in February alleging that one of Otto’s top engineers — and formerly an engineer at Google’s self-driving car venture Waymo — downloaded 14,000 confidential Waymo files related to automated vehicle tech and then left the company to found Otto, which includes Otto Trucking. Google also alleges executives from Uber, who acquired Otto last year, had been in touch with Levandowski regarding the files prior to his departure from Waymo.

Autonomous truck makes first commercial delivery

Drinkers of Budweiser in the Colorado Springs-area will be the first in the world to consume goods delivered by a fully-autonomous truck.

A federal judge Monday issued an injunction against Otto and parent company Uber, ordering them to turn over the files to Waymo and the court, should any exist. The injunction is not the end of the lawsuit, but simply an order directing Otto to part ways with Levandowski while the lawsuit unfolds and to turnover the allegedly stolen documents. The judge overseeing the case, U.S. District Judge William Alsup, says Waymo has presented compelling evidence for the injunction order. However, Alsup has allowed Otto to continue development of its autonomous vehicle tech, which Waymo sought to shut down.

Uber has disputed the claims in court filings. It argues its LiDAR design is “fundamentally different” than Waymo’s and that it only took one schematic of Waymo’s LiDAR system. “If Waymo genuinely thought that Uber was using its secrets, it would not have waited more than five months to seek an injunction. Waymo doesn’t meet the high bar for an injunction, which would stifle independent innovation and competition.”

Otto early last year announced its entrance into the autonomous trucking market as a tech upstart with intentions to produce a retrofit system to give existing trucks autonomous capabilities. The company was acquired by ride-sharing giant Uber months later, and in October it deployed in a 120-mile test an autonomous Volvo VNL tractor that hauled a load of Budweiser from Fort Collins, Colo., through Denver to Colorado Springs on Interstate 25. The company ran a second test in Ohio several weeks later.

According to court documents, however, Otto and Levandowski had been in touch with Uber even before Levandowski left Google’s Waymo and before he jointly founded Otto. Google alleges Levandowski installed special software on his Waymo-issued laptop to access Waymo’s confidential files. He then downloaded 9.7 gigabytes of data involving “design files, schematics and other confidential information,” Google alleges in its lawsuit. Nearly a quarter of the allegedly stolen documents contained information on Waymo’s development of LiDAR, an advanced radar system and one of the key components of autonomous vehicle development.

Trucking autonomy upstart Otto acquired by Uber

Trucking autonomy upstart Otto acquired by Uber

"Basically, we're starting a commercial transportation business," says Otto founder Lior Ron. "Specifically we're going to build on Otto's capabilities for self-driving trucks and introduce ...

Google alleges Levandowski downloaded the materials onto an external drive on Dec. 14, 2015, and then wiped his laptop clean days later. Google alleges he downloaded a few more LiDAR-related files weeks later. According to court documents, Levandowski had email correspondence with Uber executives in the days following the alleged theft of the documents. Some of the emails referred to a “list of deliverables” and money requested by Levandowski.

Levandowski formed Ottmotto on January 15 and Otto Trucking on February 1. Uber officially purchased Otto in August for $680 million and promoted Levandowski to head the company’s autonomous vehicle development — a position directly beneath the CEO, according to court documents.

Waymo says it later discovered other employees exiting the company to join Otto, alleging they too stole patented trade secrets. Emails inadvertently sent to Waymo employees also helped build Google’s case, according to court documents.

Uber says the lawsuit unfairly impedes implementation of automated vehicle tech and “risks delaying the implementation of technology that could prevent car accidents.”


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James Jaillet is the News Editor for CCJ and Overdrive. Reach him at